How Driverless Vehicle Acts Well in Real Life?
With the support of national policies and the promotion of capital, smart self driving cars show an accelerating development trend.
At present, with the rapid development of ADAS technology, the preliminary establishment of standard system and the embryonic form of industrial chain, relevant enterprises have high strength, and intelligent vehicles are gradually moving towards the open road for testing and commercial application demonstration. However, fully automatic self-driving still needs to break through the three factors of law, technology and users in order to have the industrialization foundation.
In the early stage of industrial development, in order to achieve self hematopoietic function, it is particularly important for enterprises to seek to take the lead in commercial application demonstration in specific application scenarios. From the perspective of the difficulty of technology application and the degree of influence by laws and regulations, the commercial application path of automatic driving will follow the principle of first closed and then open, first carrying goods and then carrying people, so as to select the commercial scene, and take the lead in applying in the closed or semi closed area under the limited scene, such as independent valet parking, logistics transportation in the closed area, followed by trunk logistics and terminal logistics Distribution, sanitation field of fixed lines, bus commuting, time-sharing leasing, online car hailing, shared travel, etc. Finally, it is the automatic driving in private scenes.
Driverless Autonomous parking
As the first landing scene, independent valet parking has many advantages. From the perspective of the government, it can improve the urban congestion environment, regulate parking management, and optimize travel. From the perspective of vehicle enterprises, by increasing the function of independent valet parking, the new competitiveness of vehicle products can be improved, and the production and sales volume can be improved. From the perspective of parking lot, it can reduce costs, improve operation efficiency and increase revenue. From the perspective of consumers, it can truly solve the pain point of parking difficulty, reduce the difficulty of parking, and really improve the driving efficiency.
According to the statistics of high tech vehicles, based on the data analysis of insurance in 2019, the assembly rate of automatic parking system in the domestic market has reached about 8%. It can be seen that the assembly rate of automatic parking system will increase day by day from the understanding of car companies and the requirements of consumers. Leading enterprises in Chinese market include Yushi, Zongmu technology, Heduo, etc., and cooperate with car companies to promote technology improvement. In the future, with the continuous improvement of technology maturity and more mature algorithms, the penetration rate of automatic parking system will be further improved, and it will continue to upgrade and iterate in the direction of independent parking.
Harbour Self-driving truck
Port unmanned truck is an intelligent vehicle with high automation and high accuracy. It can automatically plan the driving track, automatically detect obstacles to avoid obstacles, automatically monitor the loading status and lighting system, automatically monitor the oil volume, and plan the track to automatically drive to the refueling area to refuel. It can meet the operation needs of different ports in an all-round way. In addition, by carrying the most advanced artificial intelligence technology to build an accurate and powerful environment perception network, it can accurately perceive and identify the complex operation environment of the port, and ensure the safety and reliability of unmanned operation.
Compared with the traditional tractor, it is more suitable for the operation of dense container yard in the port. Due to the restriction of the current Chinese laws and relevant systems, it is easier for engineering vehicles, port operated trucks and fixed route low-speed freight trucks to realize unmanned driving than passenger cars. Unmanned vehicles can reduce port operation costs, improve safety and efficiency. Among the top ten ports in the world, China occupies seven seats. The intelligent upgrading of ports promotes the automation of container trucks, and the automatic driving of container trucks is conducive to improving port operation efficiency, which can bring huge commercial value and economic benefits to the logistics field.
Unmanned sanitation vehicle
The main functions of the unmanned sanitation vehicle include suction and sweeping operation, floor washing operation, garbage collection and garbage transfer. It integrates artificial intelligence, machine vision, image recognition, precise positioning and other artificial intelligence technologies. It can realize full-automatic, full working condition, refined and efficient cleaning operation in the field of sanitation. In the future, sanitation operation will open the “era of driverless”. The adoption of driverless sanitation cleaning scheme is expected to save more than 60% of the manpower for sanitation service, and then save more than 40% of the cost, and solve the living condition of sanitation workers, greatly reduce the casualty rate, improve work efficiency, make the traditional sanitation operation more green, safe, efficient and convenient, and the market scale is large.
Terminal logistics refers to the logistics delivered to consumers, which is a logistics activity with the direct purpose of meeting the terminal (customer) in the distribution link. That is to say, the “last mile” distribution, which is based on the interests of consumers. As the economic activities are more and more centered on the needs of consumers, the basic concept of “user first” is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. This concept is also reflected in the logistics activities, so the terminal logistics has been paid more and more attention. Affected by the epidemic situation in 2020, contactless and unmanned distribution is widely concerned, and the concept of terminal logistics unmanned distribution vehicle is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Under the epidemic situation, the terminal unmanned distribution accelerated landing.
During the epidemic period, Jingdong Logistics delivered materials to the Ninth Hospital in Wuhan, with more than 50% of the materials delivered by no one. Hubei, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Sichuan, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Beijing and other regions all plan to deploy unmanned distribution vehicles, accelerating the landing of terminal unmanned distribution scenarios and product commercialization.
Trunk Driverless logistics
Trunk logistics refers to the logistics generated by trunk transportation such as railways, ships and trucks, such as harbors, airports, freight stations and truck terminals in and out of cities. At present, driverless heavy trucks are mainly used in the trunk logistics unmanned transportation.
The logistics transportation from warehouse to another warehouse is mainly undertaken by driverless heavy trucks. In the case of driverless, they can judge independently, collect and process information, avoid obstacles independently, and plan the optimal route independently. In the current high-speed scene, they can accurately identify obstacles hundreds of meters away and quickly control the traffic Due to the application of unmanned heavy truck mainly in the expressway, compared with the passenger car, the scene is relatively simple, and the highway freight transport volume is large, the unmanned transportation of trunk logistics has great commercial value.
In 2019, China’s road freight transport turnover will reach 5963.64 billion ton kilometers. With large market, large demand and high degree of attention, trunk logistics is the most valuable scenario in the application scenario of automatic driving, with a market scale of at least 5 trillion yuan in China.
Robotaxi is a combination of taxi and automatic driving technology, which is one of the important application scenarios of unmanned driving. In December 2018, waymo’s paid taxi service was launched in Phoenix, which is the first commercial self driving taxi service launched in the world. The promotion of self driving taxi is expected to solve the pain point of traditional travel service, using self driving technology to replace manual drivers for driving behavior. After several years of development, the advantages of self driving technology in cost, safety and environmental protection have been gradually recognized by people.
At present, the commercial application of driverless taxi has made great progress in the United States, Japan, Europe and other countries and regions. Many countries have allowed automatic driving to carry people without safety personnel on the road, and the operation scope of robotaxi is gradually expanding. Waymo、Cruise、 Pony.ai And autox have obtained relevant licenses.